This section illustrates projected employment change for industries over the 2012–22 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment for which they work. For example, all the workers on a construction company's payroll are part of the construction industry, regardless of their specific job duties. The construction industry includes not only construction workers, but others—such as office managers and truck drivers—who perform tasks in an administrative or support role.
Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total number of jobs) and percent change (the rate of job growth or decline) over the 2012–22 decade.
Employment growth for all wage and salary workers is projected to average about 11 percent between 2012 and 2022. This average growth rate is shown as a dotted vertical line in in the second and fourth charts.
Job growth or decline in some industries can affect a particular occupation significantly. The number of jobs for computer programmers, for example, is highly dependent on growth of the software industry. However, many occupations—such as accountants, customer service representatives, and human resources specialists—are in nearly every industry.
Employment growth in industries depends on industry output (the total amount produced) and worker productivity (how much each worker produces). Labor-saving technologies and methods can improve productivity but limit employment growth even as output increases. For example, output in the travel arrangement and reservation services industry is projected to increase, but employment is projected to decline. Technological advancements, such as online reservation systems, are likely to reduce the number of workers needed to offer travel services.
In most of the charts, industries are categorized into one of two groups: goods producing or service providing. Service-providing industries are projected to account for the most job growth between 2012 and 2022, adding about 14.1 million jobs. In goods-producing industries, employment is projected to stay about the same, adding about 1.2 million jobs over the decade. Examples of establishments for these industries are in the table on page 30.
Industries shown in the charts are defined primarily according to the 2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), which the federal government uses to sort establishments into industry categories.
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